Course Descriptions and Numbers

The information on this page has been updated for the 2018-19 school year. Please see the 2017-18 course description catalog for this school year.

Chinese Electives

AP Chinese Language and Culture (NCAA, RAI)
FRL519 and FLR520
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Chinese III or teacher recommendation

AP Chinese Language and Culture is designed to help prepare students to demonstrate their level of Chinese proficiency across three communicative modes: interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational. The course focuses on speaking and writing in Mandarin Chinese at an advanced level. Students will further accuracy and fluency and will develop an understanding of Mandarin intended for native speakers in a variety of settings. The source content reflects a wide variety of cultural topics including current events, the arts, history, literature, and sports. Students are expected to communicate in Mandarin. This course prepares students for the AP exam at the end of the course. Currently, Mandarin Chinese IV and AP Chinese Language and Culture will be taught concurrently.

Taking the Advanced Placement exam is the culmination of the AP course curriculum.

Those students not writing the AP exam will have the course designated “Accelerated Chinese Language and Culture” on their transcript, and their grade will not be weighted. Both semesters of a yearlong course, plus writing the AP exam, are required for a weighted grade.

Each exam has a cost that will be incurred by the student.  If students are in need of financial assistance to help with the cost of AP exams, please see your assigned counselor for information.

Mandarin Chinese I (RAI)
FRL109 and FRL110
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course

This two-semester course is an introduction to the Mandarin Chinese language and its culture. The course will be taught by a native Chinese teacher in a performance-based approach. Students will use a multimedia tool to assist their study. Short skits will be taught and performed in class so students will be able to speak Chinese from day one. Writing will be introduced after to ensure students speaking and understanding. Students will be able to greet people, discuss about conditions, and locations after one year study in Mandarin Chinese. Classroom activities, including Chinese footbag (Hacky Sack™), chess, mahjong, food, peer mentors, and skits will be involved to help students have a deep understanding of Chinese culture and language.

Mandarin Chinese II (NCAA, RAI)
FRL209 and FRL210
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Mandarin Chinese I

Mandarin Chinese II is a two-semester course where students will continue with the same classroom setting as in Chinese I. Reading and writing will be enhanced in the second year. Longer skits will be developed by students and the performance will be videotaped for students to reflect on their Chinese pronunciation and performance in an appropriate Chinese cultural environment. Chinese historical stories and folklore will be introduced, and students will be asked to retell the stories in Chinese to enhance their language ability.

Mandarin Chinese III (NCAA, RAI)
FRL515 and FRL516
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Mandarin Chinese I and II

Mandarin Chinese III is a two-semester course where students will continue to build on their reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. Students will study authentic dialogues as well as short passages chosen from a Chinese newspaper and other literary resources to enhance their language learning and cultural awareness. Performance-based learning and teaching will be the focus as in Mandarin Chinese I and II. In addition to being able to answer questions or requests for information, students should also be capable of asking a variety of questions to obtain simple information in order to satisfy basic needs, such as directions, prices, and services.

Mandarin Chinese IV (NCAA, RAI)
FRL517 and FRL518
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Mandarin Chinese III 

Mandarin Chinese IV will continue using a performance-based teaching approach to enhance students’ communicative skills in Mandarin Chinese. Students will be able to communicate fluently in Mandarin Chinese as well as reading menus, signs, and Chinese newspapers on a daily basis. A variety of talent activities such as skits, music, and tongue twisters will be taught in a Chinese culture setting to help prepare students for studying abroad or taking intermediate-high level Chinese courses in a post-secondary setting. Currently, Mandarin Chinese IV and AP Chinese Language and Culture will be taught concurrently.

French Electives

AP French (NCAA, RAI)
FRL501 and FRL502
(Elective 12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French III and teacher recommendation based on student grade of an A or a solid B.

The French teacher will discuss the additional work required of students enrolling in this AP class. This two-semester course is a continuation of French language studies. Students will read several literary works including plays, novels, and poetry. They will continue perfecting written skills through grammar review and compositions. Emphasis will also be placed on the students’ fluency in discussing literature as well as in conversation. Students will be expected to take the Advanced Placement exam at the end of the course. This course is taught entirely in French.

Taking the Advanced Placement exam is the culmination of the AP course curriculum.

Those students not writing the AP exam will have the course designated “Accelerated French” on their transcript, and their grade will not be weighted. Both semesters of a yearlong course, plus writing the AP exam, are required for a weighted grade.

Each exam has a cost that will be incurred by the student.  If students are in need of financial assistance to help with the cost of AP exams, please see your assigned counselor for information.

French I (NCAA, RAI)
FRL101 and FRL102
(Elective 10-11-12)       Full-Year Course

A two-semester course designed to develop the student’s skill in the four basic language skills: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Successful completion of first-year French should enable the student to carry on simple conversations and to read and write French within reasonable limits. The student will also be exposed to the culture of France and Francophone cultures.

French II (NCAA, RAI)
FRL201 and FRL202
(Elective 10-11-12)       Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French I

French II is a full-year course allowing for the continued development of student proficiency levels. Students will demonstrate their knowledge using the three modes of communication: presentational (writing and speaking), interpersonal (comprehending and responding), and interpretive (reading and listening). Conversation in French among students and teacher is an integral part of the course. Students will further their vocabulary and demonstrate an understanding of the various French-speaking cultures. After successful completion of French II, a student is qualified to enroll in French III. These courses also apply toward the fulfillment of university foreign language requirements.

French III (NCAA, RAI)
FRL301 and FRL302
(Elective 10-11-12)       Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French II

A two-semester course with continued emphasis on listening, speaking, reading, and writing. There is a broader range of reading including selected excerpts of related literature. Other supplementary texts covering French life and culture are used for conversational emphasis. This course is primarily taught in French.

French IV (NCAA, RAI)
FRL401 and FRL402
(Elective 11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of French III

This two-semester course continues to emphasize reading, writing, speaking, and listening. The reading selections include short stories, novels, and a beginning survey of French history. There is continued work on perfecting conversational and written skills. Upon completion, students will be prepared for upper-level college language courses. This course is primarily taught in French.

German Electives

German I (NCAA, RAI)
FRL105 and FRL106
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course

This two-semester course is an introduction to the German language and to the culture of Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A colorfully illustrated textbook, Deutsch Aktuell I, introduces the student to interesting, familiar situations through videos, which accompany the text. After one year, the student will be able to converse, read, and write standard German at the novice level.

German II (NCAA, RAI)
FRL205 and FRL206
(Elective 10-11-12)       Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of German I

In the second year, students complete the Deutsch Aktuell I text and continue with the sequel, Deutsch Aktuell 2. Emphasis continues to be placed on conversation and comprehension, as students master sentence structure and expand the vocabulary encountered in a teenager’s life. Use of videos and films continues as students learn the German language and culture.

German III (NCAA, RAI)
FRL305 and FRL306
(Elective 11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of German II

This two-semester course continues with the text begun in German II, forever increasing proficiency in the language. In addition, the students learn about German culture through slide presentations and supplementary texts. Students read a humorous short novel, which they then see in a full-length German film. Conversation skills are stressed, as German is spoken most of the time, but all skills are practiced.

German IV (DMACC, NCAA, RAI)
FRL405 and FRL406
(Elective 12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of German III

Students continue to increase proficiency through the use of Kaleidoskop and supplementary readers, as well as glimpses into the arts, geography, history, and literature. Students also read various excerpts including current news. Students have the opportunity to hone their writing skills, but major emphasis is placed on speaking, with many paired activities and oral presentations. The course is taught in German.

This course must be taken for DMACC credit.

Japanese Electives

Japanese IV (NCAA, RAI) 

FRL411 and FRL412
(Elective 12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Japanese III

A full-year course in which students will develop all four skills in-depth. Speaking will include formal, informal, humble and honorific forms. Writing will include mastery of Kanji and more advanced composition. More than 100 new Kanji will be introduced. Students will read children’s stories, magazines, and other supplementary books. This course will be primarily taught in Japanese.

Latin Electives

AP Latin (NCAA, RAI)
FRL523 and FRL524
(Elective 12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin III

This is a full-year course in which students will read Latin poetry and prose with historical and literary sensitivity. Students will develop linguistic skills by engaging in multiple activities, including the contextual analysis of poetry and prose from the required reading list including Vergil’s Aeneid and Caesar’s Gallic War. AP Latin is roughly equivalent to an upper-intermediate college or university course.

Taking the Advanced Placement exam is the culmination of the AP course curriculum.

Those students not writing the AP exam will have the course designated “Accelerated Course Name” on their transcript, and their grade will not be weighted. Both semesters of a yearlong course, plus writing the AP exam, are required for a weighted grade.

Each exam has a cost that will be incurred by the student.  If students are in need of financial assistance to help with the cost of AP exams, please see your assigned counselor for information.

Latin I (NCAA, RAI)
FRL107 and FRL108
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course

A full-year course which involves learning to read and write the language. This course emphasizes correct pronunciation of conversational idioms based upon ancient authors, its relationship to all the romance languages and English, and its function as a structural basis for spoken languages which use case, such as Russian and German. Latin trains the memory, enhances word power, provides the opportunity to develop reasoning ability, and strengthens reading skills. The first year also includes Roman culture, mythology, and history with frequent comparison between the ancient Romans and modern societies.

Latin II (NCAA, RAI)
FRL207 and FRL208
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin I

This full-year course is a continuation of Latin I. Students continue to strengthen vocabulary and reading skills as they build continued knowledge of grammar and syntax. Skill in reading, translation, and comprehension of Latin with gradually increasing complexity is stressed. Students explore Roman culture, mythology, and history in more depth through Latin texts of topics such as the Trojan War, Roman education, and family life. As in Latin I, the second year promotes an awareness of the relevancy of Latin to present day culture.

Latin III (NCAA, RAI)
FRL307 and FRL308
(Elective 11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin II

This full-year course continues the grammatical, vocabulary-building and historical context of the previous two years. This advanced course will more fully develop the linguistic, literary, and geographical past of Latin. Students will gain considerable insight into Roman literature, thought, expression, and experience, showing the continuity of Roman tradition down to our times clearly. This course continues a review of grammar and syntax as students build skills of contextual analysis and interpretation of authentic Latin texts. Actual texts include the political speeches of Cicero, the elegiac poetry of Catullus, and an introduction to the epic poem The Aeneid by Vergil among others.

Latin IV (NCAA, RAI)
FRL407 and FRL408
(Elective 12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin III

This full-year course builds upon skills of contextual analysis and interpretation of authentic Latin texts. Students explore the depths of Julius Caesar’s commentaries and Vergil’s epic poem, The Aeneid. Students analyze, compare, and interpret the events of the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire, and both time periods’ influence on present-day societies. Students continue to expand vocabulary knowledge and improve complex grammatical knowledge through the comparison of Latin to English. Students discover the importance of Latin through its use after the classical period until present day.

Spanish Electives

AP Spanish Language (DMACC, NCAA, RAI)
FRL503 and FRL504
(Elective 11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish IV or teacher recommendation

AP Spanish Language is designed to help prepare students to demonstrate their level of Spanish proficiency across three communicative modes – interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational communication. The course focuses on speaking and writing in Spanish at an advanced level. The students will further accuracy and fluency and will develop an understanding of Spanish intended for native speakers in a variety of settings. The course content reflects a wide variety of cultural topics including current events, the arts, history, literature, and sports. Students are expected to communicate in Spanish. This course prepares students for the advanced placement test at the end of the course. This course must be taken for DMACC credit.

Taking the Advanced Placement exam is the culmination of the AP course curriculum.

Those students not writing the AP exam will have the course designated “Accelerated Course Name” on their transcript, and their grade will not be weighted. Both semesters of a yearlong course, plus writing the AP exam, are required for a weighted grade.

Each exam has a cost that will be incurred by the student.  If students are in need of financial assistance to help with the cost of AP exams, please see your assigned counselor for information.

Spanish I (NCAA, RAI)
FRL103 and FRL104
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course

Spanish I is a full-year course that is an introduction to the Spanish language and also the culture of Spanish-speaking countries. This course is for students who have been part of the FLES program or have an aptitude to learn a foreign language. The course proceeds twice as fast as Developmental Spanish.

Spanish II (NCAA, RAI)
FRL203 and FRL204
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish I or teacher recommendation

Spanish II is a full-year course allowing for the continued development of student proficiency levels. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the language using the three modes of communication: presentational (writing and speaking), interpersonal (comprehending and responding), and interpretive (reading and listening). Conversation in Spanish among students and teacher is an integral part of the course. Students will further their vocabulary and demonstrate an understanding of the various Spanish-speaking cultures. After successful completion of Spanish II, a student is qualified to enroll in Spanish III. These courses also apply toward the fulfillment of university foreign language requirements.

Spanish III for Heritage Spanish Speakers (NCAA)
FRL309 and FRL310
(Elective 10-11-12)     Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Native Speaker

This is an option for Heritage Spanish speakers to take as they enter Valley High School. They may choose to take this class, exclusively for native speakers, and focus on the particular areas that they need to address, or they may opt into the mainstream Spanish III class. After successfully completing this course, a student will be able to advance to Spanish IV and AP Spanish, sequentially.

Spanish III (NCAA, RAI)
FRL303 and FRL304
(Elective 10-11-12)      Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish II or teacher recommendation

Spanish III is a full-year course in which an in-depth involvement of all skills continues, in addition to further exploration of the cultures of Spanish-speaking countries. Students will read more challenging material, discussing it, and writing their ideas in Spanish. Reading will be emphasized choosing from a variety of materials, which could include short stories, periodicals, a mystery, and the video program Destinos. Whenever possible, students will meet with native speakers. Students are encouraged to develop their ideas and use their creativity through individual Spanish projects. Free conversation in Spanish among the students and teacher is an integral part of the course. The majority of instruction will be in Spanish.

Spanish IV (NCAA, RAI)
FRL403 and FRL404
(Elective 11-12)     Full-Year Course
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish III or teacher recommendation

Spanish IV is a full-year course with continued emphasis on speaking, listening, reading, and writing in Spanish. Students will study literature, history, painters, and music. Students will read short stories and a novel they will discuss in Spanish. Students will express themselves in Spanish through compositions and tests that may include essay questions. Upon completion, students will be prepared for upper-level college language courses. Writing and oral projects are required. The majority of instruction will be in Spanish. Free conversation in Spanish among the students and teacher is an integral part of the course.